IGR in the BARMM

Intergovernmental relations or IGR can be defined as the “processes and institutions through which governments within a political system interact.” IGRs are often associated with federal governments, however, they can also be observed in unitary governments, like the Philippines, as long as they have more than one level of government. While there are no mandatory elements in the development of IGRs, IGR mechanisms are guided by the core principles of mutual respect and ethos of interdependence between the different levels of government.

An example of an IGR in the context of the Philippines can be illustrated in the implementation of the Bangsamoror Organic Law (BOL) in the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). The implementation of the BOL mandated the creation of the Intergovernmental Relations Body (IGR Body), as the main mechanism for the National Government and Bangsamoro Government to coordinate and resolve issues on intergovernmental relations through regular consultations and continuing negotiations in a non-adversarial manner. 

Aside from the IGR body, several IGR mechanisms are also mandated by the BOL. This includes: (1) the Philippine Congress-Bangsamoro Parliament Forum to cooperate and coordinate legislative initiatives of both councils, (2) the Intergovernmental Fiscal Policy Board to address revenue imbalances and fluctuations in regional financial needs and revenue-raising capacities of BARMM, (3) the Joint Body for the Zones of Joint Cooperation to formulate policies relating to the Zones of Joint Cooperation in the Sulu Sea and the Moro Gulf, (4) the Intergovernmental Infrastructure Development Board to coordinate and synchronize national and Bangsamoro infrastructure development plans, (5) the Bangsamoro Sustainable Development Board to ensure the integration and harmonization of economic, social, and environmental considerations of the BARMM sustainable development policies and practices, (6) Intergovernmental Energy Board to resolve all issues and matters concerning energy and power generation, and (7) Council of Leaders to advise the Chief Minister on matters of governance in the BARMM.




Phillimore, J. (2013). Understanding Intergovernmental Relations: Key Features and Trends. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 72(3), 228-238. doi: 10.1111/1467-8500.12025

Article VI. Intergovernmental Relations, RA 11054 or the Bangsamoro Organic Law; https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/downloads/2018/07jul/20180727-RA-11054-RRD.pdf

 Policy Report: Intergovernmental Relations With The Bangsamoro; http://www.iag.org.ph/think/1867-policy-report-intergovernmental-relations-with-the-bangsamoro